Kodiak is the Home Rule City in the Kodiak Island Borough  Kodiak is located near the northwestern tip of Kodiak Island in the Gulf of Alaska. Kodiak Island (aka: "the emerald isle") is the largest island in Alaska and is the second largest island in the US. Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge encompasses nearly 1.9 million acres on Kodiak and Afognak Islands. It is 252 air miles south of Anchorage (a 45-minute flight) and is a 4-hour flight from Seattle.

The island has been inhabited for the past 8,000 years. The first non-Native contacts were in 1763 by Russian Stephen Glotov and in 1792 by Alexander Baranov, a Russian fur trapper. Sea otter pelts were the primary incentive for Russian exploration, and a settlement was established at Chiniak Bay, the site of present-day Kodiak. At that time, there were over 6,500 Sugpiaqs (Koniags) in the area and the island was called "Kikhtak." It later was known as "Kadiak," the Inuit word for island. Kodiak became the first capital of Russian Alaska, and Russian colonization had a devastating effect on the local Native population. By the time Alaska became a U.S. territory in 1867, the Koniag-region Eskimos had almost disappeared as a viable culture. Alutiiq (Russian-Aleut) is the present-day Native language. Sea otter fur harvesting was the major commercial enterprise and eventually led to the near extinction of the species. However, in 1882 a fish cannery opened at the Karluk spit. This sparked the development of commercial fishing in the area. The Town of Kodiak was incorporated in 1940. During the Aleutian Campaign of World War II, the Navy and the Army built bases on the island. Fort Abercrombie was constructed in 1939 and later became the first secret radar installation in Alaska. Development continued, and the 1960s brought growth in commercial fisheries and fish processing. The 1964 earthquake and subsequent tidal wave virtually leveled downtown Kodiak. The fishing fleet, processing plant, canneries, and 158 homes were destroyed - $30 million in damage. The infrastructure was rebuilt, and, by 1968, Kodiak had become the largest fishing port in the U.S. in terms of dollar value. The Magnusson Act in 1976 extended the U.S. jurisdiction of marine resources to 200 miles offshore, which reduced competition from the foreign fleet and, over time, allowed Kodiak to develop a groundfish processing industry.

The local culture surrounds commercial and subsistence fishing activities. The US Coast Guard comprises a significant portion of the community, and there is a large seasonal population. Kodiak is primarily non-Native, and the majority of the Native population are Alutiiq. Filipinos are also a large subculture in Kodiak. A Russian Orthodox church seminary is based in Kodiak, one of two existing seminaries in the U.S. The Shoonaq' Tribe of Kodiak was federally recognized in January 2001. Kodiak Collage, a branch of the University of Alaska Anchorage, is located in the City of Kodiak.

Governance: Kodiak was incorporated in 1940 and maintains a managerial form of government.  Regular elections are held on the first Tuesday in October. Manager: Aimee Kniaziowski, Mayor: Patricia B. Branson


  • Kodiak is accessible by air and sea.
  • The state-owned Kodiak airport has three asphalt runways. These runways measure 7,542' long by 150' wide, 5,399' long by 150' wide, and 5,013' long by 150' wide. Kodiak Municipal Airport offers a 2,475' long by 40' wide paved runway.
  • Three airlines serve Kodiak with several daily flights, and a number of air taxi services provide flights to other communities on the island.
  • City-owned seaplane bases at Trident Basin and Lilly Lake accommodate floatplane traffic.
  • The Alaska Marine Highway System operates a ferry service between Kodiak and Homer.
  • The Port of Kodiak includes 2 boat harbors with 600 boat slips and 3 commercial piers - the ferry dock, city dock, and container terminal. Boat launch ramps and vessel haul-outs are also available.
  • A breakwater on Near Island provides another 60 acres of mooring space at St. Herman Harbor.
  • Approximately 140 miles of state roads connect island communities on the east side of the island.

Education: The schools in Kodiak are all members of the Kodiak Island Borough School District.

Big Sandy Lake School – INACTIVE

East Elementary School – P thru 5

Students: 294 Teachers: 21

Karluk School – P thru 12

Students: 12 Teachers: 2

Kodiak High School – 9 thru 12

Students: 755 Teachers: 44

Kodiak Middle School – 6 thru 8

Students: 492 Teachers: 32

Kodiak Island Correspondence – K thru 12

Students: 121 Teachers: 2

Main Elementary School – P thru 5

Students: 237 Teachers: 18

North Star School – P thru 5

Students: 234 Teachers: 16

Superintendent: Stewart McDonald



City of Kodiak

710 Mill Bay Road, Room 216

Kodiak, AK 99615

Mayor - Patricia B. Branson

(907) 486-8636

City Manager - Aimée Kniaziowski

(907) 486-8640

City Clerk - Debra Marlar

(907) 486-8636


Kodiak Area Native Association

3449 E. Rezanof Drive

Kodiak, AK 99615

President/CEO - Andy Teuber

(907) 486-9800


Koniag, Incorporated

194 Alimaq Drive

Kodiak, AK 99615

CEO - Elizabeth Perry

President - Tom Panamaroff

(907) 486-2530

OR, Anchorage Office:

4300 B Street, Suite 407

Anchorage, AK 99503

(907) 561-2668


Litnik, Inc.

P.O. Box 1962

Kodiak, AK 99615

President - Victoria Woodward

(907) 486-4833


Shuyak, Inc.

P.O. Box 727

Kodiak, AK 99615

President - Lois Stover

(907) 486-3842


Natives of Kodiak, Inc.

215 Mission Rd. #201

Kodiak, AK 99615

President/CEO - James K Erickson

(907) 486-3606


Sun’aq Tribe of Kodiak

312 W Marine Way

Kodiak, AK 99615

Chairperson - Sophie Frets

(907) 486-4449



Kodiak Electric Association, Inc.

P.O. Box 787

Kodiak, AK 99615-0787

President/CEO - Darron Scott

(907) 486-7700



Download a listing of projects submitted by the City of Kodiak for inclusion in the Southwest Alaska Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy.

Download Kodiak Projects List