Nikolski is an unincorporated area within the Aleutians West Census Area.  It is located on Nikolski Bay, off the southwest end of Umnak Island, one of the Fox Islands

Nikolski is reputed by some to be the oldest continuously-occupied community in the world. Archaeological evidence from Ananiuliak Island, on the north side of Nikolski Bay, dates as far back as 8,500 years ago. The Chaluka archaeological site, in the village of Nikolski, indicates 4,000 years of virtually continuous occupation. People were living in Nikloski before the pyramids were built, the Mayan calendar was invented, or the Chinese language was written. In 1834, it was the site of sea otter hunting and was recorded by the Russians as "Recheshnoe," which means "river." In 1920, a boom in fox farming occurred here. The Unangan became affluent enough to purchase a relatively large boat, the "Umnak Native," which was wrecked in 1933. A sheep ranch was established in 1926 as part of the Aleutian Livestock Company. In June 1942, when the Japanese attacked Unalaska and seized Attu and Kiska, residents were evacuated to the Ketchikan area. Locals were allowed to return in 1944, but the exposure to the outside world brought about many changes in the traditional lifestyle and community attitudes. In the 1950s, the Air Force constructed a White Alice Communications System here, which provided some jobs. It was abandoned in late 1977.

Residents are known as Unangan, and Aleut is spoken in three-quarters of all homes. Subsistence activities, sheep and cattle raising, and fishing-related employment sustain the community.


  • 3,512' by 135' unlighted gravel runway that provides passenger, mail, and cargo service.  The airstrip used to be owned by the U.S. Air Force.
  • No landing or port facilities for ships.
  • Barges deliver cargo once or twice a year.
  • Goods and passengers are lightered three miles to the beach.

Education: Nikolski School - INACTIVE



Chaluka Corporation

PO Box 104

Nikolski, AK 99638

President- Dora Johnson

ph: (907) 576-2215



8630 Ange St.

Anchorage, AK 99515

ph: (907) 344-7871


Nikolski IRA Council

P.O. Box 105

Nikolski, AK 99638

President- Arnold Dushkin

ph: (907) 576-2225


Aleutian/Pribilof Island Comm. Development Assoc.

234 Gold Street

Juneau, AK 99801

CEO- Larry Cotter

ph: (907) 586-0161


Umnak Power Company

PO Box 105

Nikolski, AK 99638

Tribal Administrator - Tanya L. Kyle

ph: (907) 576-2205



Download a listing of projects submitted by Nikolski for inclusion in the Southwest Alaska Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy.

Download Nikolski Projects List